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The Year Of The Jet Packs
An early Human League instrumental, this features some gorgeous old synthesizer sounds, which are ear-splittingly distorted in places. The track is available as an MP3 on the Futuristic Sounds page of this site.
There has been considerable confusion over this track's true title since another early League instrumental (Interface) appeared on the In Darkness bootleg album, mis-labelled Year Of The Jet Packs.
Released on the 'Human League cassette' and The Golden Hour Of The Future
You Broke My Heart
This is one of several early titles for the song which became Marianne.
Released as Marianne on Holiday 80 (double single) and Travelogue (CD only)
You've Lost That Lovin' Feeling
A cover of the Spector / Mann / Weil song made famous by The Righteous Brothers, which many considered an unusual choice for an electronic group. Martyn: "That's one of the reasons we do it. But the main reason is simply that it's a great song, probably my favourite song from the '60s. We do it very different from the original. We've tried to reinterpret the original in a form that would be emotive on a synthesizer. Electronic music is regarded as unemotive, but that's a very emotional song."
The League played the song at their first live show and it remained a regular highlight of their concerts until it was dropped for the Travelogue tour in 1980, to make way for another cover version (Perfect Day). A demo version was recorded early in the group's lifetime which, although heavy on the moody keyboards, was slightly brighter in tone than the versions which followed and the production of the vocals was occasionally reminiscent of Phil Spector's original.
The group also recorded the song during their BBC Radio One session for influential DJ John Peel, but their definitive recording was the astonishing version released on their debut album. As the opening chimes drift in from the eerie sonic residue of Morale..., the listener cannot help but be captivated for the next six-and-a-half minutes; both Philip and Martyn deliver remarkable vocal performances over the simple lullaby keyboard arrangement, and the overall effect is quite breathtaking.
Demo version unreleased
Radio One session version released on the 'Human League cassette' and In Darkness (unofficially), and also included on the 'Taverner tape'
Album version released on Reproduction
4'10" edit (without Morale...) released on Dutch Empire State Human single
Zero As A Limit
This song, also known as QED, closed the original LP release of Reproduction in chaotic fashion, beginning quietly at a slow pace and gradually growing in both volume and tempo until imploding in quite spectacular style. The lyrics combine with the ever-accelerating music to tell the cheerful tale of a pedestrian being struck by a speeding motor vehicle.
Three demo versions of this song were recorded. The first was fairly rough-sounding, with slightly different lyrics to the other recordings and noticeable effects applied to Philip's vocals. The keyboard arrangements were less certain and the overall acceleration of the song's tempo was uneven compared to subsequent recordings. This version's climax also lacked much of the memorable chaos with which later versions would culminate.
The second and third demo versions both opened with the sound of synthesized waves on a seashore (not used on Reproduction) and both were more than a minute longer than the album version. There is little difference between the two demos other than a change of key.
The song's title is thought to be taken from Robert Moore's science-fiction story of the same name, first published in 1934 by Astounding magazine. Zero As A Limit was also used as the title of Adrian's short film which was shown at the League's live shows to promote their debut album in late 1979.
Incidentally, the Reproduction version is listed on the master tape's box as Zero's The Limit.
Demo versions unreleased, although the first was included on the 'Taverner tape'
Album version released on Reproduction